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Los angeles guardia and wagner archives kndwledge netwdrk girls of the revolutionary war length: four-5 class intervals new york country social studies center curriculum, grades 7/8: united states and big apple state history unit 7 a country is created bankruptcy iv military and political aspects of the revolution (p. 49) these questions and documents may be used along with the new york kingdom educa- tion branch middle curriculum for grades 7/eight social research: united states of america and the big apple kingdom records. College students could be able to discuss the converting roles of girls at some stage in the yankee revolution. Attention questions 1. What did some ladies do to attempt to aid within the combat for american independence from england? 2. What have been some of the problems that girls notion had been critical in the course of the revolution? Three. What were a few individuals’ reactions to ladies’s involvement inside the struggle of thoughts all through the yankee revolution? Four. What have been a few british reactions to girls’s involvement inside the american revolution? 1 instructor’s lesson plan for 7/8th grades lesson 1 ladies’s leadership in american history l. A. Guardia network university/cuny la guardia and wagner files kndwledge netwdrk women of the progressive struggle — element 1, day 1 farewell tea, howdy independence purpose to recognize the troubles that colonial women felt they may influence within the fight for independence. Files a assertion of north carolina citizens, august 22, 1774 and “for the publick top,” the edenton resolves vocabulary boycott; colony; patriotic; loyalist; remedy; scoffed; welfare; adherence do now at the board, draw “brainstorm” charts; one that says “guy matters” and one that says “lady things.?? inform college students to think of traditional gender roles and “things that guys do vs. Matters that women do.?? inform them to consider as many as possible; the organization that gets the most wins (teachers may connect a prize to this if they desire). Identify with the organizations the traditional roles of women and men and write them on the mind- typhoon chart on the board. Tell the students that the focus of these days could be the colonial position of the girls “taking care of the house” (most of the college students responses will in all likelihood include the subcategories, i.E. Minding youngsters, making food, cleaning, and so forth.) Then ask, “what type of protests do you think the women ought to have organized if their energy changed into confined to the home??? take scholar responses. Mini lesson tea turned into a primary a part of colonial subculture. The colonists now not simplest drank it after they were thirsty and before and after food, however they drank it once they socialized with every other. The higher tea set which you had, the “cooler” you had been. Tea changed into something that defined people and influ- enced their lives. However there has been a problem: the tea came from england. What do you do while you need to protest some thing that comes from any other country? Boycott. If ladies serve the tea, the ladies can forestall serving the tea, and thereby help the yankee cause. Interest: studying the report distribute to every student a copy of the file, “a announcement of north carolina residents, august 22, 1774” and “for the publick appropriate.?? study the documents aloud and feature the stu- dents observe along. 2 trainer’s lesson plan for 7/8th grades lesson 1, component 1, day 1 girls’s leadership in american records la guardia community college/cuny l. A. Guardia and wagner records kndwledge netwdrk questions 1. Why turned into tea taken so seriously by using the colonists? 2. What did the british do concerning the tea that made colonists irritated? Three. What did the colonists suppose became the cause behind the tax on tea? Hobby direct the students to take a look at the brainstorm effects at the board. Divide the class into groups and have each institution write a 30-second skit that displays any other way ladies could assist the movement for independence. The scholars will carry out the skits in front of the alternative members of the class, and the class must wager the other approaches in which girls ought to assist the independence motion given the tradi- tional roles they performed. Near do you observed it was easy for girls to help the movement in this manner? (This query have to function a segue into the following day’s lesson about the reactions from men and the british in seeing ladies be a part of the independence motion). Three instructor’s lesson plan for 7/eighth grades lesson 1, element 1, day 1 ladies’s management in american records discovering history in today’s new york times 1. Draw a line down the middle of a bit of poster board. On one aspect of the line, paste three photographs from the big apple instances of ladies in “conventional roles” as they might be perceived in colonial times. On the other facet of the line, create a university of 3 pho- tographs that display women doing “non-traditional” matters. Then look carefully at your selections and select one lady from each facet of the line to be “pen pals.?? write a letter from each of these women to the opposite, sharing their mind approximately their roles as ladies and their have an impact on on men. Repeat this workout the use of pics of guys. 2. Clip two articles from the big apple times that discuss protests. (A few protests are between human beings, and some are among large groups; a few are non violent, and some are violent.) For every article, create a “five w’s and h” chart, explaining who's protesting, what they may be protesting, while and in which the protests are taking place, why they experience the protest will get their factor throughout, and how they are going about protesting (boycotting, marching, and many others.). L. A. Guardia community university/cuny l. A. Guardia and wagner documents kndwledge netwdrk girls of the modern battle — component 1 farewell, tea; hi there, independence a announcement of north carolina residents, august 22, 1774 resolved, that we will now not directly or circuitously after the first a part of january 1775, import from fantastic britain any east india items, nor any merchandise anything, drug treatments excepted nor do we after that part import from the west indies, or someplace else, any east india or british items or manufactures, nor do we buy such a articles so imported of any man or woman or individuals in any way, besides along with at the moment are within the united states of america, or may also arrive on or before the primary part of january, 1775. ??resolved, that we can not use, nor suffer east india tea for use in our households, after the tenth part of september subsequent, and that we are able to consider all people in this province, now not complying with this solve, to be enemies to their u . S . A .. ??for the publick appropriate” the edenton resolves, october 1774, quoted in peter force, comp., American archives (washington, d.C., 1834), 4th ser., 1, p. 891. As we can not be indifferent on any occasion that appears to have an effect on the peace and happiness of our country, and because it has been thought neces- sary for the publick properly to enter into several precise resolves, by way of assembly of members of deputies from the entire province, it's far a obligation that we owe not only to our near and expensive relations and connections, however to ourselves who are essentially inquisitive about their welfare, to do the whole lot as some distance as lies in our electricity to testify to our sincere adherence to the same; and we do therefore thus subscribe this paper as a witness of our constant aim and solemn dedication to do so. Signed by fifty-one girls [anonymous] four record for 7/eighth grades lesson 1, part 1, day 1 women’s leadership in american history los angeles guardia community university/cuny l. A. Guardia and wagner information kndwledge netwdrk ladies of the progressive battle — element 1, day 2 farewell tea, hello independence intention what had been a number of the reactions of yankee guys and the british toward american women’s involvement within the motion for independence? File “a society of patriotic girls at edenton in north carolina” do now write on the board or say to students, “the previous day we mentioned ‘conventional’ roles which might be commonly related to a gender. We additionally pointed out how ladies were getting concerned inside the revolution. This gave them power. How do you think the men felt approximately this? How do you think the british felt about this??? take responses from the students. There are not any “proper” answers right here, however the solutions that talk over with the men “not liking it”, or “guffawing at it,” and many others., Ought to be highlighted or turned around by the teacher. Mini lesson say: “many of you commented on how the men might have no longer taken it severely or would no longer have preferred the girls related to themselves in the revolution. You're correct. But why? Around the time of the revolution, men had all the political electricity. No longer best were girls now not involved in politics (they couldn’t vote, couldn’t be within the authorities, etc.) However it turned into considered ‘wrong’ for a girls to be concerned.?? pastime: reading the file every pupil must get hold of a duplicate of the file, “a society of patriotic ladies at edenton in north carolina.?? the record ought to also be placed on the overhead. The students need to be given five minutes to jot down down as many observations as they are able to approximately the report. Considering the fact that there is lots in this record, the teacher can feel loose to present students more time in the event that they appear engaged and working difficult. The trainer have to then take responses from the scholars, noting the observations (creating a list on the overhead, circling what they see, and so on. ?? whatever the instructor thinks would be the maximum appropriate and beneficial). Pupil responses can also vary, however the following need to be cited: • the ugliness of the girl with the gavel • the female flirting with the man • the presence of the jugs of alcohol • the kid with the spilled meals beneath the desk being licked by using the urinating dog • the consuming taking place in the background • the overall disorderly nature of the “meeting” – humans appear distracted. ?? the black lady within the history five instructor’s lesson plan for 7/eighth grades lesson 1, part 1, day 2 girls’s leadership in american history los angeles guardia community university/cuny l. A. Guardia and wagner documents kndwledge netwdrk with all of those observations, the subsequent questions must be replied: • what's this photo displaying? ?? what's the author’s attitude in the direction of the girls? ?? what could the author say approximately those ladies in standard? Is he/she individually attacking them? How? ?? what's the gender of the writer of the caricature? Do you think that’s important? ?? where do you suspect the author is from? (It need to be discovered that the author is from england) hobby the author portrays the ladies of edenton’s efforts in an exceedingly terrible manner. How do you believe you studied a lady creator from the usa could portray the equal meeting? College students ought to draw a cartoon portraying the meeting in edenton this is greater “accurate.?? college students ought to make certain to reveal: • the aim of the meeting • how the assembly “actually” appeared • a extra reasonable illustration of the members in the meeting close several students may be invited to percentage their cartoons with the relaxation of the class and give an explanation for them. The magnificence will then touch upon the “accuracy” of the drawing. The drawings must be hung for display across the room 6 instructor’s lesson plan for 7/8th grades lesson 1, component 1, day 2 girls’s leadership in american history coming across records in today’s big apple instances 1. Discover a photograph inside the new york instances of a lady or women involved in politics in some manner, and study the associated article. Then, draw your own editorial cool animated film modeled at the photo to illustrate your opinion of the subject of the thing. 2. The ny times publishes editorials, which convey the newspaper’s view approximately a subject. The instances additionally prints op-ed articles (opposite the editorial web page), which provide the critiques of ordinary columnists and visitor writers. Discover an editorial or op-ed piece inside the times about a present day occasion that pastimes you, and then draw an article cool animated film about the identical topic to specific your opinion approximately the subject. Los angeles guardia network university/cuny la guardia and wagner archives kndwledge netwdrk ladies of the modern war — part 1 farewell, tea; good day, independence “a society of patriotic girls at edenton in north carolina,” march 25, 1775 7 report for 7/8th grades lesson 1, element 1, day 2 ladies’s leadership in american records los angeles guardia community college/cuny l. A. Guardia and wagner information kndwledge netwdrk ladies of the modern war — component 2 slavery and comfort, or liberty and sufficiency? Intention how did a few american girls experience approximately independence from england? File excerpt of a letter by using charity clarke, june 16, 1769 vocabulary abound; amazons (spelled amozones); sower; liberty; swains; arcadia; banish; arbitrary; sufficiency do now “deal or no deal” – ask students to select one of the following alternatives and say why they selected it. Alternative #1: you stay a wealthy life style. Generally anything you need you may get, there's very little that your cash cannot buy. However, you have to concentrate to a person tell you what to do; you're allowed to make only minor decisions for yourself. Choice #2: you have primarily the entirety which you want, however you are not dwelling in luxurious. You've got masses of food, comfy shelter, and so on. But the matters that you want, the exceptional matters, you are unable to have. However, you've got a large degree of “autonomy,” meaning which you get to make your personal choices approximately your existence and don’t have to pay attention to everyone telling you what to do. Take a poll of answers and write the effects on the board. The teacher need to make the country- ment that many colonists had been starting to agree with alternative #2. This “do now” will provide a segue into the questioning that charity clarke expressed in her letter. Mini lesson ask students how “option #2” could follow to the modern battle and the state of affairs in american previous it. Emphasize british manage, abundance of british-furnished goods, colonial unrest over political manipulate and the willingness of the colonists to start sacrificing british luxuries for freedom. Interest: reading the report distribute a duplicate of charity clarke’s letter to every student. Read the letter to the students, and ask college students: • how does charity clarke feels about england and america? ?? how does this relate to option b of the “do-now”? ?? do you suspect she has a right to whinge approximately her scenario? Why? 8 teacher’s lesson plan for 7/8th grades lesson 1, element 2 ladies’s management in american history los angeles guardia network university/cuny la guardia and wagner documents kndwledge netwdrk activity students will write their own letter from the angle of a colonist to someone they “recognise” in england. They are able to either aspect with charity clarke or disagree along with her (patriot vs. Loyalist). In either case, students must: • deliver motives for his or her argument • discuss feelings, feelings in the direction of different individuals and the british close numerous students can volunteer to examine their letters out loud, and the magnificence can critique them based totally on expertise won from the lesson. Does the letter make experience given the historic context? Why or why not? 9 instructor’s lesson plan for 7/8th grades lesson 1, component 2 girls’s leadership in american records coming across history in these days’s ny instances 1. Find a piece of writing within the ny instances about a person or institution who does now not have the form of freedoms of their u . S . A . That you're feeling people now experience. Write a letter to charity clarke from a real or fictional character in the article, discussing views which you have approximately what it's far like to have confined freedom. 2. Discover a photograph or commercial within the the big apple times that seems to illustrate “autonomy” — being capable of make selections about one’s personal lifestyles. Paste it to the pinnacle of a sheet of paper. Under it, write a paragraph about why you observed it represents autonomy. 3. Locate a piece of writing within the big apple instances that discusses a luxurious object (things like earrings, online game players, mp3 gamers and fashion designer clothes). Then, write an autobiography from that luxury object’s angle. In which changed into it “born”? What does it do? How has it modified over the years? How does it feel to be a luxury? Who desires it, and why? Los angeles guardia network college/cuny la guardia and wagner files kndwledge netwdrk women of the innovative battle — component 2 slavery and luxury, or liberty and sufficiency? An excerpt of a letter by way of charity clarke. 10 report for 7/8th grades lesson 1, component 2 women’s leadership in american history june 16, 1769. ??t think for all this that i opt for england to the united states; i'd no longer end my woods & rivers, for all of the homosexual amusements you abound with; you want not communicate of sower grapes; i guarantee you the manner of lifestyles that could be to me the maximum agreable is downright indian; and if you english oldsters won’t supply us the liberty we ask; in preference to a thalestries, at the head of a fighting army of amozones, i can try and accumulate a number of ladies armed with spining wheels, & attended by demise swains who shall all learn to weave and preserve sheep, and will retire beyond the attain of arbitrary power; cloathed with the work of our palms & feeding on what the us of a presents, without any of the cares, luxuries or oppression of an lengthy inhabited united states, in brief we are able to located a new arcadia; you consider we can't stay without your assistance, but i recognise we are able to; banish each issue but the necessaries of life; & we will need nothing however what our u . S . Will af- ford; we will via then be satisfied; no extra slaves to fashion & ceremony: freedom ease content material & peace shall be our constant companions, every father shall be king of his circle of relatives & no different strength shall be advert- mited; the first who shews any marks of ambition shall with the jount consent of the comunity, be despatched again to live with people who decide upon slavery and luxury, to liberty & a sufficiency . . . *Thalestris has been written of as a queen of the amazons, warrior ladies of greek mythology. L. A. Guardia community college/cuny la guardia and wagner information kndwledge netwdrk women of the progressive warfare — element 3 do not forget the women purpose how did women seek to advantage electricity in the newly forming authorities within the united states? Report “recall the ladies,” excerpt of a letter from abigail adams to her husband, john adams, march 31, 1776 vocabulary tyrants; foment do now whilst you want some thing to alternate within the lecture room, whom do you visit? Whilst you need some thing to trade in your property, whom do you visit? Why? Take answers from college students. The goal is for college students discover the authority parent in every situ- ation. Within the lecture room, authority rests with the trainer. Inside the home, authority rests with the mother and father (or guardian) of the household. Ask the question: what did the face of authority appear to be in pre-modern and revolution- ary america? Who had electricity? Mini lesson in the main all of people who had electricity in the us were men who had been wealthy and white. Girls could not vote, they could not be a part of the authorities, and consequently they have been rendered quite powerless. Or had been they? Wherein may want to a lady pass to persuade the authorities? In which may want to a lady visit have a say in what she desired? If her husband were in power, she should go to him. Interest: analyzing the document distribute the report “don't forget the ladies,” an excerpt of a letter from abigail adams to her husband, john adams, march 31, 1776. Study the letter to your college students. Use the document to reply the subsequent questions: 1. What does abigail adams “hope to listen” approximately? 2. What does abigail adams want for america? Three. What does she need for women? Four. What does she suppose of guys? Eleven instructor’s lesson plan for 7/8th grades lesson 1, element 3 girls’s management in american records los angeles guardia community college/cuny los angeles guardia and wagner archives kndwledge netwdrk interest situation: a group of ladies residing within the american colonies are bored to death with guys having all of the power. They have determined to get collectively and protest. Each businesses’ venture can be to make a “seasoned- take a look at poster” list the motives why girls are disappointed with their present nation inside the colonies. Every poster ought to pick out: 1. The group being represented 2. The problems girls have with the present state of the colonial government 3. Proposed solutions near have college students present their posters to the elegance, and invite students to ask questions about the issues. Make sure that the scholars can master the purpose query. 12 teacher’s lesson plan for 7/8th grades lesson 1, element 3 girls’s leadership in american history coming across records in today’s the big apple instances 1. Create a “trading card” proposing the accomplishments of a lady flesh presser. First, locate an article within the the big apple instances approximately a lady in government, either within the u.S. Or somewhere else. Find within the article – and thru other studies, if essential – the subsequent statistics: her political position, how and while she turned into elected, whom she ran against, her past political positions, another applicable past jobs, data approximately her education, her beginning date, and simple own family statistics (together with spouse and children, if any). Consist of this information on a chunk of production paper, along with the flesh presser’s name throughout the top and at the least one recent picture from the instances. Paste the times article about her at the back of the paper. 2. Study the letters to the editor in today’s big apple times to get an information of their duration, format and persuasive language. Believe that you are abigail adams and write a letter to the editor of an imaginary newspaper, “the colonial ny times,” sharing your perspectives approximately how women can help enhance the colonies. L. A. Guardia community university/cuny la guardia and wagner records kndwledge netwdrk ladies of the progressive battle — component three take into account the ladies “recollect the women,” excerpt of a letter from abigail adams to her husband, john adams. 13 report for 7/eighth grades lesson 1, part 3 women’s leadership in american records braintree [massachusetts] march 31, 1776 ...I lengthy to pay attention that you have declared an indepen- dency – and through the way within the new code of legal guidelines which i think it'll be important with a purpose to make i choice you would don't forget the women & be extra generous and beneficial to them than your ancestors. Do now not positioned such limitless power into the hands of the husbands. Bear in mind all guys might be tyrants if they may. If perticuliar care & interest isn't always paid to the laidies we're determined to foment a rebelion, and could not keep ourselves certain by any legal guidelines wherein we have no voice, or illustration. That your intercourse are clearly tyrannical is a reality so very well set up as to admit of no dispute, but such of you as desire to be glad willingly surrender the cruel name of master for the greater tender and endear- ing one in all buddy. Why then, not positioned it out of the strength of the vicious and the lawless to apply us with cruelty & indignity with impunity. Guys of sense in all ages abhor the ones customs which treat us best as the vassals of your sex. Regard us then as beings positioned with the aid of windfall under your protection & in immitation of the supreem being employ that power only for our happiness. L. A. Guardia network university/cuny l. A. Guardia and wagner data kndwledge netwdrk women of the modern warfare — part 4 deborah sampson: breaking social convention purpose college students will paintings with number one and secondary assets to create historic skits about positive girls who fought inside the revolutionary battle. Vocabulary petition; pension; painting; check in; vilify; demonize; comfort; virtuous; zealous; legislature; increase; maneuver; musket; swerved; abolitionists; feminists; deviants; illegitimate; chastity; manufacturing; inquire (spelled antique english way: enquire); discoursed; effeminate; esteem; hum- ble; intervention; retroactive; indigent; stock; assets; net well worth; stipend; impoverished; char- ity; affidavit; fidelity; deplorable; artillery documents deborah sampson: residing down the struggle, (article) paul revere’s letter on behalf of deborah sampson deborah sampson and benjamin gannett sampson: petitioning for pensions, (article) margaret corbin cochrane’s pension motivational pastime (20 mins) divide the elegance into large businesses and one small organization. Each of the massive organizations will partici- pate inside the debate; the small group will act as judges. Resolved: ladies should be allowed to serve in the armed forces inside the equal capacity as guys, along with combat. 1. Assign organization, topic and position. 2. Provide the organizations 5 mins to generate a one-minute presentation. 3. After the displays, give each organization any other two minutes to prepare a one-minute rebuttal. Final: who received the debate? ?? why is this nonetheless something people talk and disagree about? ?? is this the first time anybody had this argument? 14 instructor’s lesson plan for 7/eighth grades lesson 1, part 4 ladies’s management in american records l. A. Guardia community university/cuny la guardia and wagner documents kndwledge netwdrk writing and acting (forty minutes) introduce the writing history activity: • inform students they may be writing a sequence of skits approximately girls who fought in the american revolution. ?? ask college students what they think they need to write appropriately about those stories; the listing should consist of number one assets, secondary assets and creativeness. Students work in companies to write historical scenes each organization is liable for the use of one record to create a ancient skit that tells the story of the studies of the ladies (and guys) in the revolutionary struggle. Institution a: deborah sampson: living down the battle, (article) institution b: a letter from paul revere to congressman william eustis in prefer of moving the pension of deborah sampson gannet upon her loss of life to her widower, benjamin gannett group c: deborah sampson and benjamin gannett: petitioning for pensions, (article) organization d: margaret corbin cochrane’s pension it'd be helpful to assign the following roles in the institution: • researchers (multiple) • lead scriptwriter • drama director • facilitator/manufacturer performances have the scholars rehearse and carry out their skits for the relaxation of the magnificence. Extension activities art: create a memorial for women who fought and died in combat for the usa, for display someplace on your faculty. Current occasions: examine about the present day incarnation of the talk on ladies in combat: “in the line of fireplace” by means of juliet macur, november 20, 2005, the new york instances for instance. Have the scholars interview ladies presently serving inside the military history: research the current policy of united states of america regarding ladies inside the military in fashionable and in fight situations particularly. Have ladies served as opponents in united states records? Records: examine the position of conscientious objectors inside the records of america of amer- ica, both male and woman. 15 teacher’s lesson plan for 7/eighth grades lesson 1, part four girls’s management in american history l. A. Guardia network university/cuny los angeles guardia and wagner files kndwledge netwdrk sixteen instructor’s lesson plan for 7/eighth grades lesson 1, part 4 girls’s leadership in american history coming across records in these days’s big apple instances 1. Girls who fought inside the innovative conflict have been considered to be breaking rules of society by doing some thing that only men had been purported to do. Make a list of 3 to 5 “regulations” that those ladies have been breaking. Think of what women had been presupposed to do at home, how they have been purported to appearance and what they were presupposed to suppose; the historic files study in magnificence assist you to. Then, for every item for your list, find an instance in a piece of writing or picture in the big apple times of women nowadays breaking those antique guidelines. Create a poster displaying these connections. 2. Discover a photo inside the the big apple times of a girl, guy or baby experiencing a present day battle someplace within the global, as a soldier or a civilian. To apprehend the situation, read the item that accompanies the picture. Cut out the image and paste it on the top of a sheet of paper. Beneath it, write a magazine entry from this individual’s attitude. What may she or he have been seeing, hearing, feeling and otherwise experiencing while this picture is taken? Three. The the big apple instances regularly publishes maps of places where armed fight is taking place. Glance through the global phase over the direction of or 3 days, cut out as a lot of those maps as you may discover, and paste them on a sheet of poster board. Next to every map, write the vicinity illustrated inside the map (including downtown baghdad or northern sudan), who're the opposing sides inside the warfare, and what's the motive of the struggle. (You'll possibly discover this information inside the first few paragraphs of the object in which you discovered the map.) Then, become aware of these places on a international map. L. A. Guardia community university/cuny la guardia and wagner archives kndwledge netwdrk ladies of the progressive struggle — part four deborah sampson: breaking social convention deborah sampson: dwelling down the conflict in 1792, deborah petitioned the nation of massachusetts for her again pay. Petition turned into approved by using the legislature and signed by governor john hancock that same 12 months. She is likewise very probable the primary american female to ap- pear at the theatrical degree. So one can increase her income, deborah gannett finished in boston and new york theaters, charging seven dollars an appear- ance. In 1802 the mercury and new england palladium, a boston newspaper, advertised that “mrs. Gannett equipt in complete uniform will undergo the guide exercise. The complete to finish with the music and chorus of ‘god shop the sixteen states.??” it changed into later said that she had marched through twenty-seven maneuvers, sporting her blue and white uniform, armed with a musket, observed by way of a speech that became in large part an apology for having “swerved from the flowery direction of woman delicacy.?? breaking social conven- tion in greater approaches than one, deborah sampson’s level appearances, which predate those of early female abolitionists and feminists, are extraordinary for mak- ing her the primary american girl to present public lectures to mixed audiences of ladies and men. ??……………………………………………………………………………. It's miles considerable that deborah felt it essential to make an apology on degree for having swerved from the direction of femininity …. Via disguising herself as a man, run- ning faraway from home alone, and becoming a member of the navy, deborah had broken all of the guidelines of social convention. Until the 20th century, a younger woman had handiest two valid motives for leaving home–her marriage or the dying of her par- ents. It became unthinkable for a single woman to be on her personal with out risking harm to her popularity. Popular literature abounded with horror stories of lady deviants who had suffered the effects of leaving home and dwelling on their very own. They met with the ensuing moral deterioration of illegitimate childbirth, prostitution, or maybe dying. Taken from this cultural perspective, deborah’s biography can nice be understood now not as an exaggerated account of her army exploits but as an apology to her network. Her biographer herman mann emphasized time and again that during all of deborah’s warfare- time escapades, she had maintained her chastity. Excerpts from: “will the actual molly pitcher please arise??? ©1999 by means of emily j. Teipe. Summer time 1999, vol. 31, no. 2 17 file for 7/eighth grades lesson 1, element 4 girls’s management in american history la guardia community college/cuny l. A. Guardia and wagner documents kndwledge netwdrk ladies of the innovative war — element four deborah sampson: breaking social convention a letter from paul revere to congressman william eustis 18 document for 7/eighth grades lesson 1, element four women’s leadership in american records los angeles guardia community college/cuny la guardia and wagner records kndwledge netwdrk girls of the innovative warfare — element four deborah sampson: breaking social conference transcript of a letter from paul revere to congressman william eustis 19 record for 7/eighth grades lesson 1, element four ladies’s management in american records canton, feby 20 1804 william eustis, esq member of congress washington sir mrs. Deborah gannett of sharon informes me, that she has inclosed to your care a petition to congress in favour of her. My works for manufactureing of copper, being a canton, but a quick distance from the nei ghbourhood in which she lives; i've been precipitated to enqu- -ire her state of affairs, and character, due to the fact she quitted the male habit, and infantrymen uniform; for the greater decent apparrel of her very own intercourse; & on the grounds that she has been married and grow to be a mom. ?? humanity, & justice obliges me to say, that each consistent with- son with whom i've conversed about her, and it is not some, speak of her as a girl of handsom abilities, correct morals, a dutifull wife and an affectionate discern. ?? she is now a great deal out of health; she has numerous youngsters; her husband is a great type of a person, ‘tho of small pressure in commercial enterprise; they've a few acres of terrible land which they cultivate, however they are virtually terrible. She told me, she had no doubt that her unwell health is in conse quence of her being uncovered whilst she did a infantrymen responsibility; and that whilst in the navy, she become wounded. We typically form our idea of the person whom we hear spoken off, whom we've never visible; according as their moves are described, once i heard her spoken off as a soldier, i formed the concept of a tall, masculine woman, who had a small proportion of understandg, with out education, & one of the meanest of her sex. ?? when i saw and discoursed with i used to be agreeably surprised to discover a small, effeminate, and converseable girl, whose schooling en- titled her to a better state of affairs in life. I don't have any doubt your humanity will activate you to do all for your pow er to git her some releif; i assume her case much more deserving than hundreds to whom congress have been beneficiant. I'm sir with esteem & appreciate your humble servant paul revere la guardia community university/cuny la guardia and wagner records kndwledge netwdrk ladies of the revolutionary conflict — element four deborah sampson: breaking social conference deborah sampson and benjamin gannett: petitioning for pensions in 1809, after twenty years of petitioning the federal government, deborah acquired a disability pension of 4 bucks a month. (Male veterans claiming incapacity obtained 5 dollars a month.) In big element due to revere’s intervention, the pension quantity was made retroactive to 1803. With this money, the gannetts have been able to construct a clapboard home on their acreage and plant some bushes. However, the pensions deborah acquired never relieved their poverty or debt. Shortly after receiving the pension, deborah wrote to thank paul revere and requested to borrow ten bucks. Whilst the 1818 pension bill turned into surpassed by means of the monroe management, she implemented once more. The 1818 pension, designed in particular to help indigent veterans, promised government comfort to the ones nevertheless suffering thirty-5 years after the warfare. It required applicants to put up a personal inventory in their assets and net worth together with actual estate and household goods. (The government did not require that the fee of garb and bedding be anticipated in the stock.) Within the application, deborah gannett, fifty-eight years vintage and mother of three children, claimed overall belongings of twenty bucks, which protected her apparel. Which will qualify for the new pension, she had to relinquish the previous incapacity pension of 40-eight greenbacks in line with annum as well as a nation pension of 4 greenbacks a month. Deborah obtained the seventy-six-greenback stipend for about seven years. After her dying in 1827, her husband (believed to be the only widower to document for a pension) could not qualify for benefits on account that that they had now not been married till l784. In 1831 gannett, aged 80-3, turned into sick and impoverished. He depended upon neighborhood charity for survival and determined to petition the authorities for a pension. Gannett’s pension affidavit describes deborah’s existence after the struggle. He stated that she have been honorably discharged and rendered an correct account of her military carrier. He additionally believed that her discharge papers were misplaced. In line with mr. Gannett, her battle wound, a musket ball lodged in her thigh for forty-six years, “observed her via life and hastened her dying.?? another witness, mr. P. Parsons, testified that deborah had been unable to perform any hard work because of her wound. Consequently, benjamin were sub- jected to heavy clinical prices for greater than twenty years before deborah commenced receiving a pension. In 1831 gannett nonetheless owed physicians 600 bucks for her treatment. On march 4, 1831, a special act of congress provided benjamin gannett a greater beneficiant pension than deborah had ever received. This stipend of eighty bucks a yr became to hold “for and during his herbal life.?? four years after deborah samson gannett’s demise, congress said inside the pension granted to benjamin, “the entire history of the american revolution statistics no other similar example of girl heroism, fidelity and courage.?? excerpts from: “will the actual molly pitcher please rise up??? ©1999 with the aid of emily j. Teipe summer time 1999, vol. 31, no. 2 20 record for 7/eighth grades lesson 1, component 4 women’s management in american records l. A. Guardia community university/cuny l. A. Guardia and wagner data kndwledge netwdrk women of the revolutionary battle — component 4 deborah sampson: breaking social conference margaret cochran corbin’s pension history facts on margaret cochran corbin margaret cochran turned into born in 1751 in franklin, pennsylvania. In 1772 she married john corbin, who four years later joined the primary agency of penn- sylvania artillery and have become a cannoneer. Margaret, like lots of other ladies, became a camp follower. On november sixteen, 1776, fortress washington on long island island become at- tacked by means of hessian mercenaries fighting for the british. Margaret assisted han- dling ammunition and cleaning and loading the cannon. Whilst john turned into fatally shot, margaret took over firing the cannon till she herself changed into shot, seri- ously wounded inside the chest, jaw and left arm (which became nearly severed) and captured. She changed into disabled the remainder of her lifestyles because of her wounds. She lived and worked near the u.S. Military academy at west factor till she died in 1800. In 1926 the daughters of the yankee revolution had her remains exhumed and reburied in west factor cemetery. From journals of the continental congress, 1774-1789 tuesday, july 6, 1779 a letter from the board of battle, changed into study; whereupon, [note 3: 3 this letter is in the papers of the continental congress, no. 147, iii, folio 501.] Resolved, that margaret corbin, who become wounded and disabled in the assault on citadel washington, whilst she heroically filled the publish of her husband who became killed by way of her side serving a bit of artillery, do get hold of, at some stage in her natural existence, or the continuance of the said incapacity, the one-half of the monthly pay drawn by way of a soldier within the carrier of these states; and that she now get hold of out of the general public stores, one whole in shape of cloaths, or the value thereof in money. Journals of the continental congress, 1774-1789 tuesday, july 25, 1780 a file from the board of struggle became read; whereupon, at a board of battle, july 24, 1780 present col. Pickering, mr. Peters, col. Grayson, genl. Scott, genl. Ward the board having obtained data that margaret corbin (for whom con- gress made provision of their act of july 6. 1779 for her gallant conduct in serv- ing a bit of artillery while her husband become killed through her side) still remains in a deplorable situation in outcome of her wound, by which she is deprived 21 document for 7/8th grades lesson 1, element 4 ladies’s leadership in american records la guardia community college/cuny los angeles guardia and wagner archives kndwledge netwdrk of the usage of one arm, and is in different respects a great deal disabled and likely will retain a cripple at some point of her existence, beg go away to report resolved, that margaret corbin receive annually, all through her natural existence, one compleat match of cloaths out of the public shops, or the cost thereof in cash, similarly to the provision made for her by means of the act of congress of july 6, 1779. [Note 2: 2 this report is in the papers of the continental congress, no. 147, iv, folio 460.] Sources: “margaret corbin circle,” your park, the big apple city branch of parks & activity, ?Id=11275 “margaret corbin & mary ludwig hays mc cauley,” u.S. Army ladies’s museum, fortress lee, virginia, / renner, james. ??margaret cochran corbin,” washington heights & inwood on-line, might also 2003, 22 report for 7/eighth grades lesson 1, part 4 girls’s management in american records.